The Development of the African Continent and the rise of Humankind. 550 000 - 45 000 BCE
The first modern peoples were nomads who roamed the savannas, deserts and rain forests. 45 000 - 10 000 BCE
Nomads settle on the banks of the Nile. They build houses and raise cattle. 7000 - 5000 BCE
Small Kingdoms of upper and lower Egypt are unified and become the Empire of the Pharaos. 5000 - 3000 BCE.
South of the ancient Egypt the Nubians were founding the Kingdom of Kush. 1000 BCE
The Phoenicians colonize the coastline of northern Africa and establish harbours on the coast. 1000 BCE
The Bantu peoples from the Congo region conquer the south and east of Africa. 800 - 500 BCE
Aksum was a powerful Empire in Ethiopia during the early Christian era. It became the greatest market of northeastern Africa and dominated the Red Sea. 100 - 940 CE
The Muslim conquest of North Africa started in Egypt 647 CE and was completed all along the coast by 710.
Gold, ivory and slaves were the basis of the old kingdoms in West Africa. 800 bis 1400 CE. Also in the Southern Africa old kingdoms came into power.
With the Age of Discovery the Sub-Saharan Africa is explored. European powers start to colonize African peoples. 1500 -1960 CE
In the 16th century, the first missionaries from Europe came to the coasts of West Africa along with the explorers and traders and baptised African peoples.
For four centuries African men, women and children were torn from their homes, deported to America and sold as slaves. 1441 - 1863 CE
African peoples fight against the European powers, who have taken control over their countries for many decades. 1957 bis 1990
In 2002 the African leaders come together and found the African Union to promote cooperation among their nations.